Paranoid delusional thinking can a temporary problem or it may be linked to a more serious condition that may require specialized treatment for the person to conquer the problem. Commonly, the symptom of paranoid delusional thinking is indicative of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, an anxiety disorder, or a delusional disorder. The main classification vehicle for delusions was invented by Karl Jaspers in 1917 and published in a book called General Psychopathology. This book explained that there must be three distinct aspects of the problem before it can technically be considered a delusion. The first condition is that the thought must be possible or inherently false in nature. The second requirement is that the person must completely believe in the truth of the belief. The third aspect is that the patient cannot have his opinion changed even when viewing irrefutable proof that his beliefs are not true. The only reliable indicators that a person may be suffering from a delusion disorder may be found in the form of paranoid delusions symptoms.
The paranoid delusions symptoms can be expressed in a number of ways. The most common delusional disorder that involves these types of thoughts is labeled as the persecutory subtype of delusional disorders. In this condition, the patient feels that they are being persecuted by a specific group of people or force. In some cases, the patient is aware of who is persecuting them, commonly governmental or intelligence personnel, but in other cases, the group that is doing the persecution is not named. Common thoughts are that the patient is being followed or a conspiracy exists against them. These thoughts can be highly explicit in nature, with the patient inventing vast amounts of information to explain the feelings. This type of thought pattern can also occur in the form of paranoid schizophrenia delusions. Patients with paranoid schizophrenia delusions will frequently have other symptoms that help to identify the problem as schizophrenia. The delusions are often accompanied by auditory or visual hallucinations and abnormal perceptual problems.
The treatment options for dealing with paranoid delusions can be very helpful in overcoming the disorder. If the diagnosed condition is a delusional disorder, a combination of cognitive therapy and antipsychotic medication is a common treatment plan. If the problem results from underlying schizophrenia, antipsychotic drugs and cognitive therapy are also used. In addition, patients who have not responded well to these forms of treatment may choose to undergo electroconvulsive therapy. In this process, the patient is electrocuted at various points of the body. Current research is investigating potential methods to prevent schizophrenia from developing. As there are some markers, such as family history of the illness, that elevate a person’s risk, studies are being done with medications given before a full blown case of paranoid schizophrenia is present. Also, regular consultations with a psychologist can help to identify faulty logic before it leads to the condition. A person with paranoid delusional thinking will need to change their thought process in order to understand how their beliefs are not rooted in logic.